Sparrows are one of many hen species most tailored to residing subsequent to people. Two varieties of sparrows nest in Moscow: home sparrows and area sparrows.
Home sparrows attempt to keep nearer to folks, together with within the metropolis, whereas area sparrows favor to settle in parks and pure areas. Within the capital’s pure territories subordinated to Mosprirode, primarily area sparrows stay.
Based on the Eurasian Chicken Registration held in Moscow in October, area sparrows are among the many 4 most quite a few species — the members of the motion counted 329 area sparrows, nearly as many as blackbirds (376).
Birds favor to nest in tree hollows, however usually occupy synthetic nesting websites, together with birdhouses and bluebirds. Curiously, sparrows are fairly prolific: below good circumstances, a pair can hatch chicks thrice in a season. In household phrases, they’re monogamous — two birds converge for at the least a number of years, and typically for all times.
“The variety of area sparrows within the pure territories of Moscow is steady in the present day. The regime of specifically protected pure areas permits birds to soundly hatch chicks. For the winter, sparrows collect in flocks and settle in particular wintering bushes, the place a number of dozen sparrows can sit,” mentioned Vera Strukova, deputy head of Mospriroda.
Discipline sparrows are barely smaller and considerably slim in comparison with brownies, they’ve well-marked black “earrings” on white cheeks and a brown “cap” on their head. Women and men look the identical.
The home sparrow has a pronounced sexual dimorphism: women and men have very completely different coloration. Males have brighter plumage, there’s a grey “cap”, females are brownish from beneath, grayish—brown from above, nearly all wing feathers have pink edges.
Sparrows are collective birds and like to do all the things in teams: nest, feed, even swim. This supplies many benefits — for instance, safety from predators. The tiny hen has many enemies, so the extra vigilant eyes, the higher. Group conduct additionally helps when meals is detected: when one of many birds returns to the flock full, it reveals its kin the way in which to the supply of meals.
Virtually each sparrow is characterised by curiosity, creative spirit, braveness and a penchant for “teamwork”. The weight-reduction plan of those birds is unusually vast: they eat each plant meals (primarily seeds, but additionally flowers, buds and leaves) and animal meals (bugs, spiders).